Olana is the greatest masterpiece of Frederic Edwin Church, the preeminent American artist of the mid-19th century. It is considered the most important artist’s home, studio, and designed landscape in the US. Church designed Olana as a holistic environment integrating advanced ideas about art, architecture, landscape design, and environmental conservation. Olana’s 250-acre artist-designed landscape with five miles of carriage roads and a Persian-inspired house at its summit embraces unrivaled panoramic views of the Hudson Valley and Catskill Mountains. The house and landscape are open for guided touring, and reservations are highly recommended. The landscape is open daily 8 am to sunset. Hiking, picnicking, birding, snow-shoeing, and cross country skiing are available seasonally along with programs and special events. Recreational activities on the lake include fishing (with valid NYS fishing license and permit), kayaks, and non-motored boats. Permits for these activities are available from the Site Manager’s office.