February marks Black History Month, and New York state is filled with African American history, with unique experiences related to jazz, sports and icons like Jackie Robinson, culturally rich neighborhoods like Harlem, and important sites such as John Brown Farm (pictured) and the Harriet Tubman Home. New York state played an important role in the Underground Railroad, which helped tens of thousands of freedom seekers escape enslavement. In recognition of Black History Month, from parks and historic sites to music and culture, here are 12 places to experience Black history in New York State.
Remember to stay as local as possible and keep six feet apart from others not in your party and wear a mask or face covering. Call ahead and check websites and social media to make sure attractions are open and available. Be advised that New York has a travel advisory in effect.
John Brown Farm State Historic Site (Adirondacks)
Known for his raid on Harper's Ferry and the movement to liberate enslaved peoples in the South, John Brown's home near Lake Placid was a key stop on the Underground Railroad for those seeking freedom in the north and Canada. Captured after the raid in 1859 and sentenced to death, Brown was buried on his New York farm along with his sons and others who took part in the raid. Learn about how Brown’s home became a pilgrimage for abolitionists through a guided tour, or hike the trails of this National Historic Landmark.
Fenton History Center (Chautauqua-Allegheny)
Both Jamestown and Chautauqua County played an important role in helping enslaved people escape through the Underground Railroad. This 1863 mansion offers libraries and archives, educational resources, and local history exhibits like “The Underground Railroad in Chautauqua County,” which explores the story of Catherine Harris, an aid to many freedom seekers escaping enslavement and journeying north.
Joseph Lloyd Manor House (Long Island)
Jupiter Hammon, known as a founder of African American literature, was the first Black published poet who lived and wrote in the Joseph Lloyd Manor House in Lloyd Harbor, New York. Born enslaved, Hammon learned to read and write, leading to his first published work in 1761. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, visitors can tour the Joseph Lloyd Manor House and dive into the history of Black literature.
Saratoga National Historical Park (Capital-Saratoga)
People of African descent were vital to the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. Initially banned from joining the Continental Army, nearly 400 Black soldiers took to the battlefield, a turning-point victory in the Revolutionary War that is honored at Saratoga National Historical Park. Walk through the battlefield or bring your own bike, climb the stairs of the Saratoga Monument, or journey through Victory Woods. The park is also dog-friendly.
The Colored Musicians Club (Greater Niagara)
A hotspot for jazz and creativity, the Colored Musicians Club is the only operating African American jazz club in the United States. Formed in 1917 due to discrimination from Local 43, an all-white musicians union, the Colored Musicians Club nourished the growth of its members and became a stopover for jazz legends including Lionel Hampton, Dizzy Gillespie, and Billie Holiday.
Harriet Tubman National Historic Park (Finger Lakes)
Credit: @tpw86 on Instagram
Known as the Moses of her people, Harriet Tubman helped countless freedom seekers along the Underground Railroad—making several daring rescue trips back to the south. Today, you can explore the history of the Underground Railroad and learn more about her journey at the Harriet Tubman National Historic Park in Auburn, New York.
North Star Underground Railroad Museum (Adirondacks)
This museum dives into the stories of freedom seekers who passed through northeastern New York on their way to Canada. Explore the history through multimedia production with stories like John Thomas and his family, who were enslaved in Maryland and made a triumphant escape; local artifacts such as leg irons; or a bus tour, which visits sites along the Champlain Line of the Underground Railroad.
The National Abolition Hall of Fame and the National Women's Hall of Fame (Finger Lakes)
An abolitionist newspaper that first got its start in the basement of an AME Zion Church in Rochester, The North Star is just one example of Frederick Douglass' influence on civil rights and New York State. An avid abolitionist, Douglass was also one of the few men to speak at the Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls in 1848. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm, New York City educator and civil rights leader, was the first African American woman elected to Congress, and in 1972, the first woman ever to run for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination. Visit the National Abolition Hall of Fame or the National Women's Hall of Fame to learn more about Douglass, Chisholm, and other civil rights activists.
Harlem (New York)
The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s turned this Manhattan neighborhood into the cultural epicenter of the Black community in New York City and beyond. Today, that history lives on at important institutions such as the Apollo Theater (pictured), where artists including Stevie Wonder, James Brown, and Billie Holiday performed in their prime. The theater is temporarily closed but offers virtual programming. NYCGo.com features a helpful itinerary for a weekend exploring Black-owned Harlem businesses and attractions, featuring stops at the jazz club Minton's Playhouse, restaurants such as Red Rooster Harlem, Sylvia's, and many cultural landmarks.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame (Central New York)
Paving the way for future athletes when he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers, Jackie Robinson was profoundly influential in breaking racial barriers. Because of his fearlessness and dedication to the sport, Robinson was the first Black player enshrined in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Thirty-five players from the Negro League, professional baseball leagues with predominantly African American players, were also later elected into the Hall. In 2020, Major League Baseball officially recognized Negro League players as equals to their MLB counterparts. Today, fans celebrate athletes of all backgrounds at the The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown.
Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Center (Greater Niagara)
Experience stories about Harriet Tubman along with Niagara Falls heroes of the Underground Railroad like John Morrison at this heritage center located inside the former 1863 U.S. Custom House. Exhibits trace the history that Niagara Falls’ geography played, and the actions of its Black residents in helping enslaved people escape to freedom.
The African American Museum of Nassau County (Long Island)
Since the museum opened in 1970, it continues to showcase African American art, culture, music, and traditions, with an emphasis on Long Island local and national African American artists. Explore the history of Black women in NASA, Black royal European queens, and exhibits like “The Good, The Bold, The Beautiful,” which fuses African and Brazilian art.
For information on Black History Month in New York State Parks, visit the State Parks blog.